Immune complex effects on murine macrophages. I. Immune complexes suppress interferon-γ induction of Ia expression

H. W. Virgin IV, G. F. Wittenberg, E. R. Unanue

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39 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have studied the effects of immune complexes on the expression of macrophage surface proteins in vitro. Increased expression of the H-2 molecules I-A, I-E, and K on the macrophage membrane was induced by in vitro culture with crude lymphokine or interferon-γ. Expression of all three of the molecules was additionally increased by stimulating the cultures with heat-killed Listeria monocytogenes. Addition of soluble immune complexes to the cultures did not have any effect on macrophage expression of these proteins. However, significant inhibition of lymphokine or interferon-γ induction of I-A, I-E, and H-2K was observed when macrophages were cultured on plates to which immune complexes had been bound. This inhibition was dose dependent, required an immunoglobulin (Ig) molecule with an intact Fc portion, did not require the presence of T cells, and occurred in the presence of indomethacin. Complexes containing IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgE, but not IgM or IgA, antibodies mediated the inhibitory effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3735-3743
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume135
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1985

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