Immobilized FhuD2 Siderophore-Binding Protein Enables Purification of Salmycin Sideromycins from Streptomyces violaceus DSM 8286

Gerry Sann M. Rivera, Catherine R. Beamish, Timothy A. Wencewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Siderophores are a structurally diverse class of natural products common to most bacteria and fungi as iron(III)-chelating ligands. Siderophores, including trihydroxamate ferrioxamines, are used clinically to treat iron overload diseases and show promising activity against many other iron-related human diseases. Here, we present a new method for the isolation of ferrioxamine siderophores from complex mixtures using affinity chromatography based on resin-immobilized FhuD2, a siderophore-binding protein (SBP) from Staphylococcus aureus. The SBP-resin enabled purification of charge positive, charge negative, and neutral ferrioxamine siderophores. Treatment of culture supernatants from Streptomyces violaceus DSM 8286 with SBP-resin provided an analytically pure sample of the salmycins, a mixture of structurally complex glycosylated sideromycins (siderophore-antibiotic conjugates) with potent antibacterial activity toward human pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus (minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) = 7 nM). Siderophore affinity chromatography could enable the rapid discovery of new siderophore and sideromycin natural products from complex mixtures to aid drug discovery and metabolite identification efforts in a broad range of therapeutic areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-859
Number of pages15
JournalACS Infectious Diseases
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2018

Keywords

  • affinity chromatography
  • desferrioxamine B
  • drug delivery
  • iron transport
  • metal chelation therapy
  • siderophore-antibiotic conjugate

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