Immediate and Long-Term Echocardiographic Findings after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation for the Treatment of Aortic Stenosis: The Cribier-Edwards/Edwards-Sapien Valve Experience

Fabrice Bauer, Mathieu Lemercier, Alan Zajarias, Christophe Tron, Helene Eltchaninoff, Alain Cribier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The role of transcatheter aortic valve implantation in the treatment of calcific aortic stenosis is evolving. Immediate and long-term echocardiographic findings are poorly reported. Methods: Eighty-eight patients in whom surgical aortic valve replacement was contraindicated were studied before and 1 and 7 days, 1 month, and 1 and 2 years after the transcatheter procedure by echocardiography for hemodynamic. Transaortic pressure gradient, permeability index, and aortic valve area were measured, and aortic regurgitation was estimated from a multiparametric approach. A subset group of 36 patients (23-mm valve, n = 18; 26-mm valve, n = 18) with optimal ultrasound window were investigated for valve geometry at 7 days. We measured the sphericity index (anteroposterior to sagittal diameter ratio) and the angulation of the prosthesis with the ascending aorta. Results: By analysis of variance, transaortic pressure gradient significantly decreased and aortic valve area increased after the procedure (P < .0001 and P < .0001 respectively). Aortic regurgitation severity tended to decline at follow-up (P = .20) and was unaffected by valve size (P = .35). Leaks were paraprosthetic in 77% of cases, intraprosthetic in 6% of cases, and both in 17% of cases. Overall, the sphericity index was 1.03 ± 0.07 and the angulation was 2.9 ± 1.1 degrees. Conclusion: Echocardiography aids in the demonstration of appropriate prosthesis function and positioning after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-376
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Doppler
  • Prosthesis
  • Surgery
  • Transcatheter heart valve implantation

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