Immediate and 1-Year Outcomes with a Slim Modiolar Cochlear Implant Electrode Array

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To explore the immediate and 1-year outcomes of patients who underwent implantation with the slim modiolar electrode (SME). Study Design: Consecutive case series with chart review. Setting: Tertiary referral academic center. Subject and Methods: Between May 2016 and August 2018, a total of 326 cochlear implantations (CIs) were performed. Intraoperative x-rays were performed in all cases to identify tip rollovers. Scalar location was identified for 76 CIs that had postoperative computed tomography reconstructions. Speech outcomes were measured at 3, 6, and 12 months with consonant-nucleus-consonant word and AzBio sentences in quiet and noise (+10-dB signal-to-noise ratio). Preservation of hearing was defined as maintaining a low-frequency pure tone average ≤80 dB at 250 and 500 Hz. Results: Among 326 CIs, 23 (7%) had tip rollovers. Postoperative reconstructions revealed 5 of 76 (6.6%) scalar translocations. A subset of 177 cases met criteria for evaluation of speech perception scores. The marginal mean differences between presurgery and 12 months for speech tests were as follows: consonant-nucleus-consonant, 43.7 (95% CI, 39.8-47.6); AzBio in quiet, 49.7 (95% CI, 44.9-54.4); and AzBio in noise, 29.9 (95% CI, 25.2-34.7). Sixty-one patients were identified with preservable hearing (low-frequency pure tone average ≤80 dB), and 12 of 61 (20%) preserved hearing at 1 year. Conclusion: CI with SME provides reliable scala tympani insertion in a consistent perimodiolar position. An initially increased tip rollover rate improved with case volume and sheath design improvement. For long-term outcomes, speech performance was comparable to that of other cochlear implants. While hearing preservation for the SME may be better than prior perimodiolar electrodes, consistent outcomes are unlikely.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-736
Number of pages6
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume162
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • cochlear implantation
  • electrode array placement
  • hearing preservation
  • low-frequency hearing
  • perimodiolar electrodes
  • speech recognition scores
  • tip fold-over

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