Imaging of Nontraumatic Abdominal Wall and Peritoneal Emergencies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Nontraumatic abdominal wall and peritoneal emergencies comprise a spectrum of conditions ranging from those that are self-limiting and managed conservatively, to others which are potentially life-threatening and require immediate, multi-specialty levels of care and intervention. Imaging, particularly computed tomography (CT), plays an essential role in the care of patients with a suspected nontraumatic abdominal wall or peritoneal emergency. Nontraumatic emergencies of the abdominal wall include complications associated with hernias, abdominal wall fluid collections, and soft-tissue necrotizing infections (fasciitis), fistulas from the gut to the abdominal wall, rectus sheath hematomas, and complications associated with indwelling medical devices or catheters. Nontraumatic peritoneal emergencies include peritonitis, hemoperitoneum, pneumoperitoneum, peritoneal carcinomatosis, epiploic appendagitis, omental infarction, mesenteric adenitis, and mesenteric panniculitis. The emergency radiologist must be familiar with the imaging appearance of the abdominal wall and peritoneal emergencies, to help guide clinical management of these patients by establishing a diagnosis and identifying any potential complications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAtlas of Emergency Imaging from Head-to-Toe
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783030921118
ISBN (Print)9783030921101
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Abdominal wall
  • Hemoperitoneum
  • Hernia
  • Necrotizing fasciitis
  • Peritoneum
  • Peritonitis
  • Pneumoperitoneum
  • Rectus sheath hematoma
  • ·Carcinomatosis


Dive into the research topics of 'Imaging of Nontraumatic Abdominal Wall and Peritoneal Emergencies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this