Imaging of chronic granulomatous disease in children

Geetika Khanna, Simon C. Kao, Patricia Kirby, Yutaka Satoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare immunodeficiency disorder. The inability of phagocytic cells to kill catalase-positive organisms, such as Staphylococcus and Aspergillus species, causes recurrent infections, persistent inflammation, and granuloma formation. The imaging findings in nine cases of CGD were studied. Recurrent pulmonary infection was the most common abnormality (seven cases). Its complications included pulmonary abscesses, bronchiectasis, mediastinal abscesses, osteomyelitis, sepsis, and brain abscesses. Suppurative cervical adenitis was the second most common abnormality (four cases) and was also the presenting abnormality in the youngest patient (aged 31 days). Abdominal manifestations included hepatosplenomegaly, recurrent hepatic and splenic abscesses, necrotic mesenteric adenopathy, and gastric outlet obstruction. Osteomyelitis occurred in two cases secondary to hematogenous spread or spread of contiguous infection from the lung. Persistent infections led to formation of chronic inflammatory masses and granulomas in five cases. With improvements in therapy, the prognosis of CGD patients has improved and the general consensus is that most patients will survive into adulthood. Hence, radiologists are more likely to encounter the complications of CGD and should familiarize themselves with the spectrum of imaging findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1183-1195
Number of pages13
JournalRadiographics
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

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