Imaging of cervical spine injuries of childhood

Geetika Khanna, Georges Y. El-Khoury

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cervical spine injuries of children, though rare, have a high morbidity and mortality. The pediatric cervical spine is anatomically and biomechanically different from that of adults. Hence, the type, level and outcome of cervical spine injuries in children are different from those seen in adults. Normal developmental variants seen in children can make evaluation of the pediatric cervical spine challenging. This article reviews the epidemiology of pediatric cervical spine trauma, normal variants seen in children and specific injuries that are more common in the pediatric population. We also propose an evidence-based imaging protocol to avoid unnecessary imaging studies and minimize radiation exposure in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-494
Number of pages18
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

Keywords

  • Cervical spine
  • Pediatric
  • Trauma

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