Imaging of abdominal and pelvic infections in the cancer patient

Malak Itani, Christine O. Menias, Vincent M. Mellnick, Aline El Zakhem, Khaled Elsayes, Venkata Katabathina, Margarita V. Revzin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Infections are the most commonly encountered complications in patients with cancer. The classical signs and symptoms of infections are often not present in this patient population, which makes the diagnosis more challenging. Host factors play a major role in the development and prognosis of infections in cancer patients; these can be related to the underlying type of malignancy (solid organ versus hematological), tumor burden, anatomic obstruction, altered integrity of barriers (skin or mucosa), treatment-related factors (from chemotherapy, radiation treatment, surgery, interventional procedures, and/or medical device placement) and the degree of immunosuppression. This article reviews common, as well as less common, imaging manifestations of infections and their potential mimics in the abdomen and pelvis in cancer patients and discusses their differentiating features, with the role of imaging in various organs in the abdomen and pelvis taking into consideration relevant clinical background information and the main risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2920-2941
Number of pages22
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Abdomen
  • Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal
  • Genitourinary
  • Infections
  • Pelvis


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