Imaging manifestations of genitourinary tuberculosis

Muhammad Naeem, Maria Zulfiqar, Mohammed Azfar Siddiqui, Anup S. Shetty, Adeel Haq, Cristian Varela, Cary Siegel, Christine O. Menias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The genitourinary region is one of the most common sites of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) involvement. The imaging features of genitourinary TB are protean and can mimic other entities, including malignancy, and pose a diagnostic dilemma. Hematogenous seeding and lymphatic spread of mycobacteria from pulmonary, tonsillar, and nodal TB are implicated in the pathogenesis of genitourinary TB. In addition, contiguous extension from the urinary tract and sexual transmission are described as sources of genital TB. Genitourinary TB can be indolent and results in nonspecific signs and symptoms; thus, imaging has a vital role in the working diagnosis for these cases. Classic uroradiologic signs of genitourinary TB are primarily described from the era of intravenous urography and conventional radiography. Now, CT, CT urography, MRI, and US are used in the diagnosis and management. Familiarity with the imaging features of genitourinary TB may help guide the diagnosis and, in turn, lead to timely management. US has a vital role in the evaluation of scrotal and female genital TB. MRI offers superior soft-tissue contrast resolution and excellent depiction of anatomic detail. The various imaging manifestations of genitourinary TB are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1123-1143
Number of pages21
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021


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