Imaging course of lung transplantation: From patient selection to postoperative complications

Stacy J. Kim, Lea Azour, Barry D. Hutchinson, Hemlata Shirsat, Fang Zhou, Navneet Narula, Andre L. Moreira, Luis Angel, Jane P. Ko, William H. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lung transplant is increasingly performed for the treatment of end-stage lung disease. As the number of lung transplants and transplant centers continues to rise, radiologists will more frequently participate in the care of patients undergoing lung transplant, both before and after transplant. Potential donors and recipients undergo chest radiography and CT as part of their pretransplant assessment to evaluate for contraindications to transplant and to aid in surgical planning. After transplant, recipients undergo imaging during the postoperative hospitalization and also in the long-term outpatient setting. Radiologists encounter a wide variety of conditions leading to end-stage lung disease and a myriad of posttransplant complica-tions, some of which are unique to lung transplantation. Familiarity with these pathologic conditions, including their imaging findings and their temporal relationship to the transplant, is crucial to ac-curate radiologic interpretation. Knowledge of the surgical techniques and expected postoperative appearance prevents confusing normal posttransplant imaging findings with complications. A basic understanding of the indications, contraindications, and surgical considerations of lung transplant aids in imaging interpretation and protocoling and also facilitates communication between radiologists and transplant physicians. Despite medical and surgical advances over the past several decades, lung transplant recipients currently have an average posttransplant life expectancy of only 6.7 years. As members of the transplant team, radiologists can help maximize patient survival and hopefully increase posttransplant life expectancy and quality of life in the coming decades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043-1063
Number of pages21
JournalRadiographics
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

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