OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article was to assess the reliability and accuracy of hepatic periportal space widening and other qualitative imaging features for the prediction of hepatic fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This single-center retrospective study identified consecutive patients who had undergone liver MR elastography. Two abdominal radiologists independently reviewed anatomic images, assessing multiple qualitative features of chronic liver disease (CLD) including periportal space widening. Each reader also measured the periportal space at the main portal vein (MPV) and right portal vein (RPV). Interrater reliability analysis was then performed. Sensitivity and specificity were determined for the detection of any hepatic fibrosis (stage I or higher) and of advanced fibrosis (stage III or higher) using stiffness on MR elastography as the reference standard. RESULTS. Of 229 subjects, 157 (69%) had fibrosis and 78 (34%) had advanced fibrosis. Agreement for periportal space widening was moderate (κ = 0.47), and agreement for remaining features was moderate to substantial (κ = 0.42-0.80). Agreement for the periportal space at the MPV was moderate (ICC, 0.55), and agreement for the periportal space at the RPV was near perfect (ICC, 0.83). Periportal space widening had the highest sensitivity (83.0%) for any fibrosis, with limited specificity (61.3%). Surface nodularity had the highest specificity (94.4%) for any fibrosis, with limited sensitivity (51.6%). Periportal space widening plus one or more additional imaging feature of CLD or the presence of surface nodularity alone had sensitivity of 72.6% and specificity of 76.1%. A periportal space at the MPV greater than 9.5 mm had substantial agreement with qualitative periportal space widening (κ = 0.74). CONCLUSION. Periportal space widening has a high sensitivity for hepatic fibrosis, with moderate specificity when combined with additional anatomic features of CLD.
- Hepatic fibrosis
- Hilar periportal space