Identification of seven novel loci associated with amino acid levels using single-variant and gene-based tests in 8545 Finnish men from the METSIM study

Genetics of Obesity-Related Liver Disease Consortium (GOLD), The Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Consortium (ADGC), The DIAbetes Genetics Replication And Meta-analysis (DIAGRAM)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Comprehensivemetabolite profiling capturesmany highly heritable traits, including amino acid levels, which are potentially sensitive biomarkers for disease pathogenesis. To better understand the contribution of genetic variation to amino acid levels, we performed single variant and gene-based tests of association between nine serumamino acids (alanine, glutamine, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, and valine) and 16.6million genotyped and imputed variants in 8545 nondiabetic Finnishmen fromtheMETabolic Syndrome In Men (METSIM) study with replication in Northern Finland Birth Cohort (NFBC1966).We identified five novel loci associated with amino acid levels (P = < 5×10-8): LOC157273/PPP1R3B with glycine (rs9987289, P = 2.3×10-26); ZFHX3 (chr16:73326579,minor allele frequency (MAF) = 0.42%, P = 3.6×10-9), LIPC (rs10468017, P = 1.5×10-8), and WWOX (rs9937914, P = 3.8×10-8) with alanine; and TRIB1 with tyrosine (rs28601761, P = 8×10-9). Gene-based tests identified two novel genes harboringmissense variants ofMAF < 1% that show aggregate association with amino acid levels: PYCR1 with glycine (Pgene = 1.5×10-6) and BCAT2 with valine (Pgene = 7.4×10-7); neither gene was implicated by single variant association tests. These findings are among the first applications of gene-based tests to identify new loci for amino acid levels. In addition to the seven novel gene associations, we identified five independent signals at established amino acid loci, including two rare variant signals at GLDC (rs138640017,MAF=0.95%, Pconditional = 5.8×10-40) with glycine levels and HAL (rs141635447,MAF = 0.46%, Pconditional = 9.4×10-11) with histidine levels. Examination of all single variant association results in our data revealed a strong inverse relationship between effect size and MAF (Ptrend < 0.001). These novel signals provide further insight into the molecularmechanisms of amino acidmetabolismand potentially, their perturbations in disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1664-1674
Number of pages11
JournalHuman molecular genetics
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

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