Background: To develop a scoring system to identify the subset of patients who may benefit the most from adjuvant chemotherapy following curative-intent resection for incidental gallbladder cancer (IGBC). Methods: A novel scoring system was utilized to stratify patients relative to overall survival (OS), as well as potential benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy following curative resection for IGBC. Results: Among 266 patients with IGBC, a total of 99 (37.2%) patients received adjuvant chemotherapy. Five risk factors were used to develop an integer-based score to predict OS. Risk of death at 5-years incrementally increased among patients in the low (n = 42, 69.0%), medium (n = 64, 56.3%) and high-risk groups (n = 40, 30.0%) (median OS, 99.4 vs. 33.5 vs. 15.6 months, all p <.001). Use of adjuvant chemotherapy did not provide a survival benefit among patients in the low-risk group (median survival, 99.4 vs. 60.7 months, p =.56). In contrast, utilization of adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with an improvement in survival among medium- (median survival, 21.7 vs. 59.5 months, p =.04) and high-risk patients (median survival, 11.6 vs. 20.1 months, p =.01). Conclusions: While low-risk patients did not benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy, individuals with medium or high-risk scores had an improved survival with the utilization of adjuvant chemotherapy.
- adjuvant chemotherapy incidental gallbladder carcinoma
- scoring system
- survival benefit