Identification of paramyosin as a potential protective antigen against Brugia malayi infection in jirds

Ben Wen Li, Ramaswamy Chandrashekar, Raquel M. Alvarez, Fanya Liftis, Gary J. Weil

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7 Scopus citations


Vaccination of jirds with irradiated infective larvae of Brugia malayi has been reported to provide partial immunity to larval challenge. In the present study, we found that sera from vaccinated animals recognized larval antigens with apparent molecular weights of 97, 55-60, and 10 kDa that were not recognized by sera from infected animals. A B. malayi cDNA expression library in λgt11 was screened to identify clones that were preferentially recognized by sera from immunized animals. One of these clones (BM-5) was chosen for further study. BM-5 contains a 2.1 kb DNA insert and produces a fusion protein with a molecular weight of 185 kDa. Antibody, affinity-purified with the BM-5 fusion protein, binds to a 97 kDa native B. malayi antigen. Immunological studies and partial DNA sequence data confirm that BM-5 encodes paramyosin. Recombinant B. malayi paramyosin is strongly recognized by antibodies in sera from jirds that have been immunized either by injection with irradiated larvae or by chemotherapy-abbreviated infection. Most sera from infected jirds do not contain antibody to paramyosin. Additional studies are needed to determine whether paramyosin is actually protective in this filariasis model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-323
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1991


  • Brugia malayi
  • Filariasis
  • Immunity
  • Jird
  • Nematode
  • Paramyosin


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