Identification of Drivers of Aneuploidy in Breast Tumors

Katherine Pfister, Justyna L. Pipka, Colby Chiang, Yunxian Liu, Royden A. Clark, Ray Keller, Paul Skoglund, Michael J. Guertin, Ira M. Hall, P. Todd Stukenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although aneuploidy is found in the majority of tumors, the degree of aneuploidy varies widely. It is unclear how cancer cells become aneuploid or how highly aneuploid tumors are different from those of more normal ploidy. We developed a simple computational method that measures the degree of aneuploidy or structural rearrangements of large chromosome regions of 522 human breast tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Highly aneuploid tumors overexpress activators of mitotic transcription and the genes encoding proteins that segregate chromosomes. Overexpression of three mitotic transcriptional regulators, E2F1, MYBL2, and FOXM1, is sufficient to increase the rate of lagging anaphase chromosomes in a non-transformed vertebrate tissue, demonstrating that this event can initiate aneuploidy. Highly aneuploid human breast tumors are also enriched in TP53 mutations. TP53 mutations co-associate with the overexpression of mitotic transcriptional activators, suggesting that these events work together to provide fitness to breast tumors. Pfister et al. analyzed TCGA sequence data to identify drivers of aneuploidy in breast tumors. TP53 is mutated in most aneuploid tumors, and a large number of genes that control mitosis are overexpressed. The oncogenes E2F1, MYBL2, and FOXM1 that regulate mitotic transcription drive the overexpression of mitotic proteins to lower the fidelity of chromosome segregation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2758-2769
Number of pages12
JournalCell Reports
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 2018

Keywords

  • LOH
  • MMB complex
  • TCGA
  • aneuploidy
  • cancer
  • chromosome instability
  • genomic instability
  • mitosis

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