Identification of concealed and manifest long QT syndrome using a novel T wave analysis program

Alan Sugrue, Peter A. Noseworthy, Vaclav Kremen, J. Martijn Bos, Bo Qiang, Ram K. Rohatgi, Yehu Sapir, Zachi I. Attia, Peter Brady, Samuel J. Asirvatham, Paul A. Friedman, Michael J. Ackerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Background - Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by QT prolongation. However, the QT interval itself is insufficient for diagnosis, unless the corrected QT interval is repeatedly ≥500 ms without an acquired explanation. Further, the majority of LQTS patients have a corrected QT interval below this threshold, and a significant minority has normal resting corrected QT interval values. Here, we aimed to develop and validate a novel, quantitative T wave morphological analysis program to differentiate LQTS patients from healthy controls. Methods and Results - We analyzed a genotyped cohort of 420 patients (22±16 years, 43% male) with either LQT1 (61%) or LQT2 (39%). ECG analysis was conducted using a novel, proprietary T wave analysis program that quantitates subtle changes in T wave morphology. The top 3 discriminating features in each ECG lead were determined and the lead with the best discrimination selected. Classification was performed using a linear discriminant classifier and validated on an untouched cohort. The top 3 features were Tpeak-Tend interval, T wave left slope, and T wave center of gravity x axis (last 25% of the T wave). Lead V6 had the best discrimination. It could distinguish 86.8% of LQTS patients from healthy controls. Moreover, it distinguished 83.33% of patients with concealed LQTS from controls, despite having essentially identical resting corrected QT interval values. Conclusions - T wave quantitative analysis on the 12-lead surface ECG provides an effective, novel tool to distinguish patients with either LQT1/LQT2 from healthy matched controls. It can provide guidance while mutation-specific genetic testing is in motion for family members.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016


  • T wave analysis
  • diagnosis
  • electrocardiography
  • long QT syndrome
  • sudden cardiac death
  • ventricular repolarization


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