Identification of an epigenetic signature of early mouse liver regeneration that is disrupted by Zn-HDAC inhibition

Jiansheng Huang, Andrew E. Schriefer, Wei Yang, Paul F. Cliften, David A. Rudnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liver regeneration has been well studied with hope of discovering strategies to improve liver disease outcomes. Nevertheless, the signals that initiate such regeneration remain incompletely defined, and translation of mechanism-based pro-regenerative interventions into new treatments for hepatic diseases has not yet been achieved. We previously reported the isoform-specific regulation and essential function of zinc-dependent histone deacetylases (Zn-HDACs) during mouse liver regeneration. Those data suggest that epigenetically regulated anti-proliferative genes are deacetylated and transcriptionally suppressed by Zn-HDAC activity or that pro-regenerative factors are acetylated and induced by such activity in response to partial hepatectomy (PH). To investigate these possibilities, we conducted genome-wide interrogation of the liver histone acetylome during early PH-induced liver regeneration in mice using acetyL-histone chromatin immunoprecipitation and next generation DNA sequencing. We also compared the findings of that study to those seen during the impaired regenerative response that occurs with Zn-HDAC inhibition. The results reveal an epigenetic signature of early liver regeneration that includes both hyperacetylation of pro-regenerative factors and deacetylation of anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic genes. Our data also show that administration of an anti-regenerative regimen of the Zn-HDAC inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) not only disrupts gene-specific pro-regenerative changes in liver histone deacetylation but also reverses PH-induced effects on histone hyperacetylation. Taken together, these studies offer new insight into and suggest novel hypotheses about the epigenetic mechanisms that regulate liver regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1521-1531
Number of pages11
JournalEpigenetics
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 18 2014

Keywords

  • Chromatin immunoprecipitation
  • Histone acetylation
  • Histone deacetylase
  • Partial hepatectomy
  • Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of an epigenetic signature of early mouse liver regeneration that is disrupted by Zn-HDAC inhibition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this