Identification of an active, well-tolerated dose of pralatrexate in patients with relapsed or refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

Steven M. Horwitz, Youn H. Kim, Francine Foss, Jasmine M. Zain, Patricia L. Myskowski, Mary Jo Lechowicz, David C. Fisher, Andrei R. Shustov, L. Bartlett Nancy, L. Delioukina Maria, Koutsoukos Tony Koutsoukos, E. Saunders Michael, A. O.Connor Owen, Duvic Madeleine Duvic

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91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Systemic treatment for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) involves the use of less aggressive, well-tolerated therapies. Pralatrexate is a novel antifolate with high affinity for reduced folate carrier-1.Adose de-escalation strategy identified recommended pralatrexate dosing for patients with CTCL that demonstrated high activity, good rates of disease control, and an acceptable toxicity profile for continuous long-term dosing. Eligibility included mycosis fungoides, Sézary syndrome, or primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma, with disease progression after > 1 prior systemic therapy. The starting dose and schedule was 30 mg/m2/wk intravenously for 3 of 4 (3/4) weeks. Subsequent starting doses were 20, 15, and 10 mg/m2/wk for 3/4 or 2 of 3 (2/3) weeks. Response was evaluated by the modified severity-weighted adjustment tool. Fiftyfour patients were treated. The recommended regimen was identified as 15 mg/ m2/wk for 3/4 weeks and was explored in the expansion cohort. In 29 patients treated overall with the recommended dosing regimen, the median number of prior systemic therapies was 4. Pralatrexate was administered for a median of 4 cycles; response rate was 45%. The most common grade 3 adverse event (AE) was mucositis (17%); the only grade 4 AE was leukopenia (3%). Pralatrexate 15 mg/m2/wk for 3/4 weeks shows high activity with acceptable toxicity in patients with relapsed/refractory CTCL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4115-4122
Number of pages8
JournalBlood
Volume119
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 3 2012

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    Horwitz, S. M., Kim, Y. H., Foss, F., Zain, J. M., Myskowski, P. L., Lechowicz, M. J., Fisher, D. C., Shustov, A. R., Nancy, L. B., Maria, L. D., Tony Koutsoukos, K., Michael, E. S., Owen, A. O. C., & Madeleine Duvic, D. (2012). Identification of an active, well-tolerated dose of pralatrexate in patients with relapsed or refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Blood, 119(18), 4115-4122. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2011-11-390211