Identification of a third component of complement-binding glycoprotein of human platelets

G. H. Yu, V. M. Holers, T. Seya, L. Ballard, J. P. Atkinson

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Utilizing affinity chromatography, a C3-specific binding protein was isolated from 125I surface-labeled human platelets. Analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis demonstrated two bands with mean M(r) of 64,000 and 53,000, characteristic variability in the relative density of the two bands in a given individual, and the presence of N-linked complex oligosaccharides as well as sialic acid residues not associated with N-linked sugars. These characteristics are similar to those of a human leukocyte iC3- and C3b-binding glycoprotein, termed gp45-70. Further analysis showed that leukocyte gp45-70 and the platelet C3-binding glycoprotein have identical M(r) and other similar structural features. Functional characterization of solubilized platelet preparations indicated that gp45-70 has cofactor activity. This membrane glycoprotein is structurally and antigenically distinct from decay accelerating factor (DAF), a complement regulatory protein previously identified on human platelet membranes. DAF and gp45-70 have complementary activity profiles inasmuch as DAF can prevent assembly of and dissociate the C3 convertases but has no cofactor activity, wheras gp45-70 has cofactor activity but no decay accelerating activity. We suggest that these two proteins function conjointly to prevent autologous complement activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)494-501
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986


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