Identification of a novel family of nonclassic yeast phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins whose function modulates phospholipase D activity and Sec14p-independent cell growth

Xinmin Li, Sheri M. Routt, Zhigang Xie, Xiaoxia Cui, Min Fang, Melissa A. Kearns, Martin Bard, Donald R. Kirsch, Vytas A. Bankaitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

Yeast phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (Sec14p) is essential for Golgi function and cell viability. We now report a characterization of five yeast SFH (Sec Fourteen Homologue) proteins that share 24-65% primary sequence identity with Sec14p. We show that Sfh1p, which shares 64% primary sequence identity with Sec14p, is nonfunctional as a Sec14p in vivo or in vitro. Yet, SFH proteins sharing low primary sequence similarity with Sec14p (i.e., Sfh2p, Sfh3p, Sfh4p, and Sfh5p) represent novel phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins (PITPs) that exhibit phosphatidylinositol- but not phosphatidylcholine-transfer activity in vitro. Moreover, increased expression of Sfh2p, Sfh4p, or Sfh5p rescues sec14-associated growth and secretory defects in a phospholipase D (PLD)-sensitive manner. Several independent lines of evidence further demonstrate that SFH PITPs are collectively required for efficient activation of PLD in vegetative cells. These include a collective requirement for SFH proteins in Sec14p-independent cell growth and in optimal activation of PLD in Sec14p-deficient cells. Consistent with these findings, Sfh2p colocalizes with PLD in endosomal compartments. The data indicate that SFH gene products cooperate with 'bypass-Sec14p' mutations and PLD in a complex interaction through which yeast can adapt to loss of the essential function of Sec14p. These findings expand the physiological repertoire of PITP function in yeast and provide the first in vivo demonstration of a role for specific PITPs in stimulating activation of PLD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1989-2005
Number of pages17
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000

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