Immune adherence is the attachment of C-bearing immune complexes via the major activation fragment of the third component of C (C3b) to C3b binding membrane proteins. On primate E, the C3b-R, termed CR1, mediates immune adherence. In nonprimates, immune adherence involves platelets instead of E. However, these functional data have not been corroborated by the identification of the binding protein. In this work, we have identified a C3b/iC3 binding protein of rabbit platelets and characterized it as a single chain structure with a M(r) of 150 kDa (nonreducing) or 175 kDa (reducing). This protein binds to rabbit iC3 or C3b but not C3d. This specificity of binding and the ability to rebind to a second column of iC3- or C3b-thiol-Sepharose are comparable to human CR1. Also, a molecule with the identical M(r) as well as other structural and binding characteristics is present on rabbit PBMC. No such protein was isolated from rabbit E. Our data strongly suggest that the C3b/iC3 binding protein of rabbit platelets is the homologue of human CR1. If so, this represents an interesting evolutionary switch in the tissue specific expression of the immune adherence R from platelets in the nonprimate to E in the primate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1228-1235
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1988


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