ICF classification of therapeutic goals for outpatient episodes of neurorehabilitation in post-stroke and Parkinson disease

Marghuretta D. Bland, Carey L. Holleran, Caitlin A. Newman, Meghan Fahey, Timothy J. Nordahl, Tamara R. DeAngelis, Teresa D. Ellis, Darcy S. Reisman, Gammon M. Earhart, Catherine Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To understand therapeutic priorities, a secondary data analysis on a retrospective cohort was conducted to classify rehabilitation goals according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). Materials and Methods: Therapeutic goals from an initial outpatient physical or occupational therapy evaluation for patients post-stroke or with Parkinson disease, were classified into Level 1 of the ICF. Goals in the Activity and Participation component were further sub-classified as activity capacity or activity performance (self-report or direct) in daily life. Results: 776 goals across 104 participants were classified into Level 1 of the ICF. The majority, 73% (563/776) were classified as Activity and Participation, 20% (155/776) as Body Function and 2% (17/776) as Environmental Factors. Fifty-two percent (400/776) of all goals were classified as activity capacity and 21% (163/776) as activity performance in daily life, with 21% (160/776) of goals measuring self-report activity performance in daily life and less than 1% (3/776) of goals measuring direct activity performance in daily life. Conclusions: While the majority of therapeutic goals were classified into the Activity and Participation component, less than 1% of goals measured direct activity performance in daily life. If people seek outpatient rehabilitation to improve functioning in their real-world environment, therapeutic goal setting should reflect this.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDisability and rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • activity monitors
  • goals
  • ICF
  • outpatient services
  • Rehabilitation

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