Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and Preexcitation. Introduction: Fasciculoventricular pathway has been described as an unusual variant of preexcitation. Electrocardiographic imaging (ECGI) is a novel imaging modality for noninvasive electroanatomic mapping of epicardial activation and repolarization. Case: We present a case of an 18-year-old male with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and an electrocardiogram (ECG)-based diagnosis of Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, who underwent a noninvasive ECGI study to image ventricular activation, followed by an electrophysiology study (EPS). The ECGI electroanatomic isochrone map showed early activation of the epicardial aspect of the atrioventricular (A-V) groove and an aberrant posterior-base-to- apex progression of activation in the left ventricular (LV) epicardium. The EPS showed a likely fasciculoventricular pathway (FVP) without any inducible tachycardia. Conclusion: While FVP has been described before, this is the first report of detailed quantitative three-dimensional characterization of electrical activation sequence of a heart with this type of preexcitation, using a novel noninvasive imaging modality (ECGI). In spite of abnormal ventricular activation, the EPS demonstrated that the FVP is not capable of supporting reentrant supraventricular tachycardia or rapidly conducted atrial fibrillation.
- Electrocardiographic imaging (ECGI)
- Fasciculoventricular pathway