Hypertension-Related Cardiovascular Mortality in Asian American Subgroups

Nilay S. Shah, Daichi Shimbo, Paul Muntner, Mark D. Huffman, Namratha R. Kandula, Matthew T. Mefford, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Sadiya S. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Asian American subgroups experience heterogeneity in cardiovascular disease, but differences in hypertension-related cardiovascular disease mortality between Asian American subgroups is not known. Methods: Among 1,194,648 deaths in the United States in 2018-2021 with cardiovascular disease as an underlying cause and hypertension-related diseases as contributing cause, sex-specific age-standardized mortality rates, proportional mortality, and proportional mortality ratios for non-Hispanic Asian and Asian subgroups, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic Black individuals were compared with non-Hispanic White individuals. The analysis was conducted in August 2022. Results: There were 37,746; 95,404; 193,899; and 867,599 hypertension-related cardiovascular disease deaths in non-Hispanic Asian; Hispanic; non-Hispanic Black; and non-Hispanic White groups, respectively. Among non-Hispanic Asian females, mortality rates ranged from 41.6 (95% CI 40.0-43.3) per 100,000 population in Japanese to 52.6 (51.0-54.2) per 100,000 in Filipina individuals. Among non-Hispanic Asian males, mortality rates ranged from 45.8 (43.3-48.2) per 100,000 in Korean to 81.0 (78.5-83.5) per 100,000 in Filipino individuals. Proportional mortality was higher for all Asian American subgroups compared to non-Hispanic White individuals. Proportional mortality ratios ranged from 1.11 (in Korean males, proportional mortality was 10.2% [95% CI 9.7-10.8] of all deaths) to 1.38 (in Filipino males, proportional mortality was 12.7% [12.4-13.1] of all deaths; in Chinese females, proportional mortality was 11.9% [11.6-12.3]; and in Filipina females, proportional mortality was 11.9% [12.3-13.0]). Conclusions: There was up to two-fold variation in hypertension-related cardiovascular disease mortality among Asian American subgroups. All subgroups experienced higher proportional mortality for hypertension-related cardiovascular disease compared with non-Hispanic White individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-121
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

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