Abstract

Described herein is a case of oncogenic osteomalacia that ran a course of at least 16 years before curative resection of a mixed mesenchymal tumor. Hypercalcemic hyperparathyroidism developed in the patient, and review of the literature indicated that this occurs in about 10 percent of reported cases. Changes in serum parathyroid hormone levels with and without phosphate supplement therapy and before and after tumor resection suggested that both the high intake of phosphate and the effect of the neoplasm on vitamin D bioactivation engendered the parathyroid overactivity. Despite marked hyperparathyroidism, serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels were subnormal preoperatively but showed a sevenfold increase within 48 hours of tumor resection. Thereafter, a gradual increase in the maximal tubular reabsorption of phosphate occurred during several months. Biopsy of the iliac crest confirmed that tumor removal was followed by resolution of osteomalacia, but there was no accompanying increase in vertebral mineral density as assessed by quantitative computed tomography or in total-body bone mineral as measured with dual-photon absorptiometry. The findings presented are consistent with secretion by the tumor of a factor with a short half-life that is potent enough to inhibit renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1α-hydroxylase despite hyperparathyroidism. The resulting subnormal circulating 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels may have secondarily contributed to decreased renal tubular reabsorption of phosphate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-354
Number of pages5
JournalThe American journal of medicine
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1987

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