Hyperbaric oxygen augments susceptibility to C. difficile infection by impairing gut microbiota ability to stimulate the HIF-1α-IL-22 axis in ILC3

José L. Fachi, Laís P. Pral, Helder C. Assis, Sarah Oliveira, Vinícius R. Rodovalho, Jefferson A.C. dos Santos, Mariane F. Fernandes, Valquíria A. Matheus, Renata Sesti-Costa, Paulo J. Basso, Marina Flóro e Silva, Niels O.S. Câmara, Selma Giorgio, Marco Colonna, Marco A.R. Vinolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is a well-established method for improving tissue oxygenation and is typically used for the treatment of various inflammatory conditions, including infectious diseases. However, its effect on the intestinal mucosa, a microenvironment known to be physiologically hypoxic, remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated that daily treatment with hyperbaric oxygen affects gut microbiome composition, worsening antibiotic-induced dysbiosis. Accordingly, HBO-treated mice were more susceptible to Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI), an enteric pathogen highly associated with antibiotic-induced colitis. These observations were closely linked with a decline in the level of microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Butyrate, a SCFA produced primarily by anaerobic microbial species, mitigated HBO-induced susceptibility to CDI and increased epithelial barrier integrity by improving group 3 innate lymphoid cell (ILC3) responses. Mice displaying tissue-specific deletion of HIF-1 in RORγt-positive cells exhibited no protective effect of butyrate during CDI. In contrast, the reinforcement of HIF-1 signaling in RORγt-positive cells through the conditional deletion of VHL mitigated disease outcome, even after HBO therapy. Taken together, we conclude that HBO induces intestinal dysbiosis and impairs the production of SCFAs affecting the HIF-1α-IL-22 axis in ILC3 and worsening the response of mice to subsequent C. difficile infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2297872
JournalGut microbes
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Keywords

  • HIF-1
  • Hyperbaric oxygen
  • ILC3
  • butyrate
  • clostridioides difficile
  • innate lymphoid cells
  • microbiota

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