Sheep seminal vesicles contain two immunologically distinct phospholipase C (PLC) enzymes that can hydrolyze phosphatidylinositol (PI) (Hofmann, S.L., and Majeurs, P.W. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 6461-6469). One of these enzymes (PLC-I) has been purified to homogeneity; the second (PLC-II) has been purified 2600-fold from a crude extract of seminal vesicles. In the present study we have compared the ability of these purified enzymes to hydrolyze PI, phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI-4-P), and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-diphosphate (PI-4,5-P2). Using radiolabeled substrates in small unilamellar phospholipid vesicles of defined composition, the two enzymes were found to hydrolyze all three of the phosphoinositides. Hydrolysis of all three phosphoinositides by both enzymes was stimulated by Ca2+; however, in the presence of EGTA only the polyphosphoinositides were hydrolyzed. The two enzymes displayed substrate affinities in the order PI > PI-4-P > PI-4,5-P2, and maximum hydrolysis rates in the order PI-4,5-P2 > PI-4-P > PI. when present in the same vesicles, PI and the polyphosphoinositides competed for a limiting amount of either enzyme. Inclusion of phosphatidylcholine into vesicles containing the phosphoinositides resulted in greater inhibition of PI hydrolysis than polyphosphoinositide hydrolysis. When all three phosphoinositides were present in vesicles mimicking the cytoplasmic leaflet of cell membranes, there were preferential hydrolysis of the polyphosphoinositides over PI. We conclude that a single phospholipase C can account for the hydrolysis of all three phosphoinositides seen during agonist-induced stimulation of secretory cells. The cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration and phospholipid composition of the membrane, however, may influence the relative rate of hydrolysis of the three phosphoinositides.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1984|