Human apolipoprotein A-I gene (apoA-I) inserted into a plasmid expression vector was transferred in vivo into C57Bl/6 mice using hydrodynamic injections into the tail vein. Two types of plasmid expression vectors were used: (1) pCMVcapoAI which contained cDNA of apoA-I driven by the human cytomegalovirus (CMV) early gene promoter and (2) pAlg, which contained a genomic locus of intron-containing apoA-I driven by its own extended 5′-regulatory region (APOAI). Hydrodynamic intravenous injections of both expression vectors led to the appearance of human apoA-I mRNA in the liver and human ApoA-I protein in the serum of injected mice. The dynamics of human ApoA-I content in the sera of mice injected with pCMVcapoAI and pAlg were different. When pCMVcapoAI was used, the concentration of human ApoA-I in mouse serum was maximal one day after injection and decreased to zero within the next two weeks. In the case of pAlg, the content of human ApoA-I in serum was maximal (up to 20 μg/ml) on days 5-7 after injection and then gradually decreased for several months (six months after injection, for example, it decreased to 25% of the maximal value). Experiments on "saved" pAlg plasmid isolated from the nuclei of hepatocytes 50 days after injection showed that the plasmid was retained for a long time in the form of an episome. A significant content of human ApoA-I in serum and its long-term persistence after injecting mice with pAlg may be accounted for by the properties of APOAI and/or the exon-intron structure of the apoA-I gene. Injecting mice with different variants of APOAI coupled with the luciferase gene did not lead to long-term expression of luciferase in the liver. It is concluded that the presence of introns in the apoA-I gene is required for its efficient and long-term expression after transfer to mice by means of hydrodynamic injections.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Nov 2004|
- C57Bl/6 mice
- gene therapy
- intravenous hydrodynamic injections
- plasmid human apolipoprotein A-I gene expression vectors
- significance of the exon-intron gene structure for long-term expression in vivo