Huntingtin-interacting protein family members have a conserved pro-viral function from Caenorhabditis elegans to humans

Hongbing Jiang, Luis Enrique Sandoval Del Prado, Christian Leung, David Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Huntingtin-interacting protein family members are evolutionarily conserved from yeast to humans, and they are known to be key factors in clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Here we identified the Caenorhabditis elegans protein huntingtin-interacting protein-related 1 (HIPR-1) as a host factor essential for Orsay virus infection of C. elegans. Ablation of HIPR-1 resulted in a greater than 10,000-fold reduction in viral RNA, which could be rescued by ectopic expression of HIPR-1. Viral RNA replication from an endogenous transgene replicon system was not affected by lack of HIPR-1, suggesting that HIPR-1 plays a role during an early, prereplication virus life-cycle stage. Ectopic expression of HIPR-1 mutants demonstrated that neither the clathrin light chain-binding domain nor the clathrin heavy chain-binding motif were needed for virus infection, whereas the inositol phospholipid-binding and F-actin–binding domains were essential. In human cell culture, deletion of the human HIP orthologs HIP1 and HIP1R led to decreased infection by Coxsackie B3 virus. Finally, ectopic expression of a chimeric HIPR-1 harboring the human HIP1 ANTH (AP180 N-terminal homology) domain rescued Orsay infection in C. elegans, demonstrating conservation of its function through evolution. Collectively, these findings further our knowledge of cellular factors impacting viral infection in C. elegans and humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22462-22472
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume117
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 8 2020

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