Humoral immunostimulation. VI. Increased calcium uptake by cells treated with antibody and complement

W. T. Whearer, J. P. Atkinson, C. W. Parker

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When L cells were treated with anti L cell antibody in medium depleted of complement, rapid increases in calcium uptake were obtained over a wide range of antiserum concentrations. Concomitant cell growth and viability studies demonstrated that stimulation of cell growth occurred at higher dilutions of antiserum whereas cytotoxicity occurred at lower dilutions. The stimulatory and toxic effects of antibody on cell growth were potentiated by complement as was the enhancement in calcium uptake. Sera deficient in C1R, C2, 4D, C4, C3-C9 did not increase the calcium uptake response to antibody whereas augmentation did occur with C6 deficient serum. A specific role for complement was further indicated by the ability of purified complement components to restore the response to complement in complement deficient sera. C3 with C3-C9 deficient serum, but not C2, C5, and C6 with C3-C9 deficient serum restored augmentation effects. Taken together with the results of previous studies it is apparent that complement augments both calcium and nucleoside uptake and that the effect is primarily via the classical complement pathway through C3. Substrate saturation studies demonstrated that antibody activated the facilitated diffusion of calcium altering the V(max) but not the K(m) of transport whereas addition of complement altered both the V(max) and K(m). These findings suggest that one of the early effects of enhancing antibody upon tumor cell metabolism in vitro is to stimulate uptake of calcium. In view of the suspected role of Ca++ in cell proliferation the increase in cell associated calcium may be important in the subsequent proliferative response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)973-980
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1976

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