Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) establish long-term infections in patients. The mechanism for extrachromosomal HPV DNA persistence in cycling cells is unknown. We show that HPV origin-containing plasmids partition as minichromosomes, attributable to an association of the viral origin recognition protein E2 with mitotic spindles. α, β-, and γ-tubulins were pulled down with a tagged E2. The N-terminal transacting and C-terminal protein dimerization/DNA binding domains independently associated with the spindles. We suggest that this E2 property enables these viruses to establish persistence. Its implication for HPV oncogenesis is presented.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Mar 23 2004|