Human gut bacteria tailor extracellular vesicle cargo for the breakdown of diet-And host-derived glycans

Mariana G. Sartorio, Evan J. Pardue, Nichollas E. Scott, Mario F. Feldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extracellular vesicles are produced in all three domains of life, and their biogenesis has common ancient origins in eukaryotes and archaea. Although bacterial vesicles were discovered several decades ago and multiple roles have been attributed to them, no mechanism has been established for vesicles biogenesis in bacteria. For this reason, there is a significant level of skepticism about the biological relevance of bacterial vesicles. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (Bt), a prominent member of the human intestinal microbiota, produces significant amounts of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) which have been proposed to play key physiological roles. Here, we employed a dual marker system, consisting of outer membrane-And OMV-specific markers fused to fluorescent proteins to visualize OMV biogenesis by time-lapse microscopy. Furthermore, we performed comparative proteomic analyses to show that, in Bt, the OMV cargo is adapted for the optimal utilization of different polysaccharides. We also show that a negatively charged N-Terminal motif acts as a signal for protein sorting into OMVs irrespective of the nutrient availability. Our results demonstrate that OMV production is the result of a highly regulated process in Bt.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2306314120
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume120
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Bacteroides
  • OMV
  • vesicles

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