The public health burden caused by influenza virus infections is not adequately addressed with existing vaccines and antivirals. Identifying approaches that interfere with human-to-human transmission of influenza viruses remains a pressing need. The importance of neuraminidase (NA) activity for the replication and spread of influenza viruses led us to investigate whether broadly reactive human anti-NA monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) could affect airborne transmission of the virus using the guinea pig model. In that model, infection with recent influenza virus clinical isolates resulted in 100% transmission from inoculated donors to recipients in an airborne transmission setting. Anti-NA MAbs were administered either to the inoculated animals on days 1, 2, and 4 after infection or to the naive contacts on days 2 and 4 after donor infection. Administration of NA-1G01, a broadly cross-reactive anti-NA MAb, to either the donor or recipient reduced transmission of the A/New York City/PV02669/2019 (H1N1) and A/New York City/PV01148/2018 (H3N2) viruses. Administration of 1000-3C05, an anti-N1 MAb, to either the donor or recipient reduced transmission of A/New York City/PV02669/2019 (H1N1) virus but did not reduce transmission of A/New York City/PV01148 (H3N2) virus. Conversely, 229-2C06, an anti-N2 MAb, reduced transmission of A/New York City/PV01148 (H3N2) but did not impact transmission of A/New York City/PV02669/2019 (H1N1) virus. Our work demonstrates that anti-NA MAbs could be further developed into prophylactic or therapeutic agents to prevent influenza virus transmission to control viral spread.
- Guinea pig
- NA antibodies