How is cancer complex?

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Cancer is typically spoken of as a “complex” disease. But, in what sense are cancers “complex”? Is there one sense, or several? What implications does this complexity have – both for how we study, and how we intervene upon cancers? The aim of this paper is first, to clarify the variety of senses in which cancer is spoken of as "complex" in the scientific literature, and second, to discover what explanatory and predictive roles such features play.

Original languageEnglish
Article number55
JournalEuropean Journal for Philosophy of Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2021


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