Lymphoid malignancies such as post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) are a major complication of solid organ transplantation. Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is not part of the typical spectrum of PTLD, but has rarely been reported as a separate complication. We report a case of HL occurring after previous PTLD in a renal transplant recipient. A 9-yr-old girl with end-stage autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease received a cadaveric renal transplant at 1 yr of age. She developed polymorphic PTLD localized to the bone marrow at 6 yr post-transplant. She was treated with reduction of immunosuppression and alpha-interferon. No chemotherapy or anti-B cell antibody was administered. The PTLD resolved and kidney graft function remained stable. At 9 yr post-transplant, she presented again with fever of 2 wk duration, associated with enlarged lymph nodes at multiple sites. A lymph node biopsy revealed the presence of classic Reed Sternberg cells positive for CD15, CD30 and EB RNA. She was treated with standard combination chemotherapy for HL with COPP/ABV. All immunosuppressive agents were discontinued except for low dose prednisone. The patient had an excellent response, with resolution of her lymphadenopathy and maintenance of stable graft function. RS like cells have been reported in the setting of PTLD, but these cells possess an activated B cell phenotype, are EBV negative and CD15 negative. True HL following PTLD has been reported in only three previous cases, with good response to standard chemotherapy in each.
- Hodgkin's lymphoma
- Kidney transplantation
- Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease