Murine ventricular and atrial ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels contain different sulfonylurea receptors (ventricular KATP channels are Kir6.2/SUR2A complexes, while atrial KATP channels are Kir6.2/SUR1 complexes). HMR 1098, the sodium salt of HMR 1883 {1-[[5-[2-(5-chloro-o-anisamido)ethyl]-2-methoxyphenyl]sulfonyl]-3-methylthiourea}, has been considered as a selective sarcolemmal (i.e. SUR2A-dependent) KATP channel inhibitor. However, it is not clear whether HMR 1098 would preferentially inhibit ventricular KATP channels over atrial KATP channels. To test this, we used whole-cell patch clamp techniques on mouse atrial and ventricular myocytes as well as 86Rb+ efflux assays and excised inside-out patch clamp techniques on Kir6.2/SUR1 and Kir6.2/SUR2A channels heterologously expressed in COSm6 cells. In mouse atrial myocytes, both spontaneously activated and diazoxide-activated KATP currents were effectively inhibited by 10μM HMR 1098. By contrast, in ventricular myocytes, pinacidil-activated KATP currents were inhibited by HMR 1098 at a high concentration (100μM) but not at a low concentration (10μM). Consistent with this finding, HMR 1098 inhibits 86Rb+ effluxes through Kir6.2/SUR1 more effectively than Kir6.2/SUR2A channels in COSm6 cells. In excised inside-out patches, HMR 1098 inhibited Kir6.2/SUR1 channels more effectively, particularly in the presence of MgADP and MgATP (mimicking physiological stimulation). Finally, dose-dependent enhancement of insulin secretion from pancreatic islets and decrease of blood glucose level confirm that HMR 1098 is an inhibitor of Kir6.2/SUR1-composed KATP channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-560
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2011


  • Cardiomyocyte
  • Insulin
  • Nucleotide
  • Patch clamp
  • Sulfonylurea


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