HIV-infected adolescent, young adult and pregnant smokers: Important targets for effective tobacco control programs

Gerome Escota, Nur Önen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tobacco use is inextricably linked to a number of health risks both in the general and HIV-infected populations. There is, however, a dearth of research on effective tobacco control programs among people living with HIV, and especially among adolescents, young adults and pregnant women, groups with heightened or increased vulnerability secondary to tobacco use. Adolescents and young adults constitute a growing population of persons living with HIV infection. Early and continued tobacco use in this population living with a disease characterized by premature onset multimorbidity and chronic inflammation is of concern. Additionally, there is an increased acuity for tobacco control among HIV-infected pregnant women to reduce pregnancy morbidity and improve fetal outcome. This review will provide an important summary of current knowledge of tobacco use among HIV-infected adolescents, young adults and pregnant women. The effects of tobacco use in these specific populations will be presented and the current state of tobacco control within these populations, assessed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2471-2499
Number of pages29
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Adolescent
  • HIV
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco
  • Young adult

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