Interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family members have been implicated as critical transcription factors that function in immune responses, hematopoietic differentiation, and cell growth regulation. Activation of IRF5 results in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNFα, IL6, and IL12, as well as type I interferons. In this study, we demonstrate that HIV-2 Vpx interacts with IRF5, and Vpx inhibits IRF5-mediated transactivation. Expression of Vpx in THP-1 cells reduced mRNA levels and protein production of Toll-like receptor-dependent IL6, IL12p40, and TNFα induced by lipopolysaccharide, R848, and ODN2216. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays show that Vpx expression results in decreased promoter binding activity of IRF5. This study provides new insights into mechanisms employed by HIV-2 to counteract innate immune defenses against viral infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9146-9157
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number13
StatePublished - Mar 30 2014


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