History of sexual trauma and recent HIV-risk behaviors of community-recruited substance using women

Sharon D. Johnson, Linda B. Cottler, Arbi Ben Abdallah, Catina Callahan O'Leary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines whether substance using women exposed to a lifetime sexual trauma (n = 457) are distinguishable from substance using women exposed to non-sexual trauma (n = 275) in terms of demographics, psychopathology and high-risk sexual behaviors. Baseline data were collected from out-of-treatment substance using women enrolled in an HIV prevention study. Logistic regression analyses revealed that when demographics, psychopathology and lifetime indicators of sexual risk were assessed simultaneously, poor health, depression, antisocial personality disorder and lifetime sex-trading were associated with sexual trauma exposure. When these significant factors were controlled, the experience of sexual trauma predicted recent (past 4 month) high risk sexual behaviors such as higher than average sexual partners. Treatment efforts with women who have experienced a sexual trauma may be enhanced by the inclusion of assessments of physical and mental health needs as well as sexual risk awareness training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-178
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • HIV-risk
  • Sexual trauma exposure
  • Substance dependence

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