Histone deacetylase 9 deficiency protects against effector T cell-mediated systemic autoimmunity

Kailin Yan, Qiang Cao, Christopher M. Reilly, Nicolas L. Young, Benjamin A. Garcia, Nilamadhab Mishra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


Co-repressor histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) plays a key role in the development and differentiation of many types of cells, including regulatory T cells. However, the biological function of HDAC9 in T effector cells is unknown. Systemic autoimmune diseases like lupus, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis have dysfunctional effector T cells. To determine the role of HDAC9 in systemic autoimmunity, we created MRL/lpr mice with HDAC9 deficiency that have aberrant effector T cell function. HDAC9 deficiency led to decreased lympho- proliferation, inflammation, autoantibody production, and increased survival in MRL/lpr mice. HDAC9-deficient mice manifested Th2 polarization, decreased T effector follicular cells positive for inducible costimulator, and activatedTcells in vivo compared with HDAC9-intact MRL/lpr mice. HDAC9 deficiency also resulted in increased GATA3 and roquin and decreased BCL6 gene expression. HDAC9 deficiency was associated with increased site-specific lysine histone acetylation at H3 (H3K9, H3K14, and H3K18) globally that was localized to IL-4, roquin, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ promoters with increased gene expression, respectively. In kidney and spleen, HDAC9 deficiency decreased inflammation and cytokine and chemokine production due to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ overexpression. These findings suggest that HDAC9 acts as an epigenetic switch in effector T cell-mediated systemic autoimmunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28833-28843
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number33
StatePublished - Aug 19 2011


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