Hip kinematics during single-leg tasks in people with and without hip-related groin pain and the association among kinematics, hip muscle strength, and bony morphology

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare 3-D hip kinematics during the single-leg squat and step-down in patients with hip-related groin pain to those in asymptomatic participants, and to assess relationships among hip kinematics, muscle strength, and bony morphology.DESIGN: Controlled laboratory cross-sectional study. METHODS: Forty patients with hip-related groin pain and 40 matched, asymptomatic participants between 18 and 40 years of age participated. A handheld dynamometer was used to assess hip abductor and external rotator strength. An 8-cam-era motion-analysis system was used to quantify 3-D kinematics during the single-leg squat and step-down. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to quantify bony morphology. The independent t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to assess between-group differences. Pearson coefficient correlations were used to assess relationships. RESULTS: Patients with hip-related groin pain had smaller peak hip flexion angles, smaller knee flexion angles, and lesser squat depth compared to asymptomatic participants during the single-leg squat. Among patients with hip-related groin pain, smaller hip flexion angles during the single-leg squat were associated with hip abductor weakness (r = 0.47, P≤.01). Among asymptomatic participants, smaller peak hip flexion angles during the single-leg squat were associated with less acetabular coverage (r = 0.33, P =.04) and shallow squat depth (r = 0.48, P≤.01); a smaller hip internal rotation angle during the step-down was associated with larger femoral neck shaft angle (r = -0.43, P<.01). CONCLUSION: Compared to asymptomatic participants, patients with hip-related groin pain had smaller hip and knee flexion angles and shallower squat depth during the single-leg squat. Smaller hip flexion angles were associated with hip abductor weakness among those with hip-related groin pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Dysplasia
  • Femoroacetabular impingement
  • Movement

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