Targeted mutagenesis in zebrafish, fruit flies, and C. elegans has been significantly improved over the years through CRISPR technology. CRISPR enables researchers to efficiently examine cellular pathways by inducing small, targeted mutations in vivo. Though these mutations are commonly random insertions or deletions (indels), they often result in functionally disrupted alleles of a target gene if the CRISPR components are appropriately designed. However, current protocols used to identify the presence of CRISPR-generated indels are often labor intensive, time-consuming, or expensive. Here, we describe a straightforward, high-throughput method for identifying the presence of mutations by using a fragment analyzer platform which allows for DNA fragment sizing through high-resolution capillary gel-electrophoresis. Following this protocol, small indels—down to 2 base pairs—can be quickly and reliably identified, thus allowing for large-scale genotyping of newly-generated or stable mutant lines.
- Fragment analyzer