HIF-1α signaling by airway epithelial cell K-α1-tubulin: Role in fibrosis and chronic rejection of human lung allografts

Venkataswarup Tiriveedhi, Andrew E. Gelman, T. Mohanakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long term survival of the human lung allografts are hindered by chronic rejection, manifested clinically as bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). We previously demonstrated significant correlation between the development of antibodies (Abs) to K-α1-tubulin (Kα1T) and BOS. In this study, we investigated the molecular basis for fibrinogenesis mediated by ligation of Kα1T expressed on airway epithelial cells by its specific Abs. Using RT-PCR we demonstrate that normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells upon ligation of Kα1T with specific Abs caused upregulation of pro-fibrotic growth factors. Western blot analysis of NHBE incubated with Kα1T Abs increased hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1α). Kα1T Ab-mediated growth factor expression is dependent on HIF-1α as inhibition of HIF-1α returned fibrotic growth factor expression to basal levels. In conclusion, we propose that HIF-1α -mediated upregulation of fibrogenic growth factors induced by ligation of Kα1T Abs is critical for development of fibrosis leading to chronic rejection of lung allograft.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume273
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Antibody
  • Autoimmunity
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome
  • Chronic rejection
  • Fibrosis
  • Growth factors
  • Hypoxia inducible factor
  • Lung transplant
  • Self-antigen
  • Signaling

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