Hierarchical reconstruction of 7T-like images from 3T MRI using multi-level CCA and group sparsity

Khosro Bahrami, Feng Shi, Xiaopeng Zong, Hae Won Shin, Hongyu An, Dinggang Shen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Advancements in 7T MR imaging bring higher spatial resolution and clearer tissue contrast, in comparison to the conventional 3T and 1.5T MR scanners. However, 7T MRI scanners are less accessible at the current stage due to higher costs. Through analyzing the appearances of 7T images, we could improve both the resolution and quality of 3T images by properly mapping them to 7T-like images; thus, promoting more accurate post-processing tasks, such as segmentation. To achieve this method based on an unique dataset acquired both 3T and 7T images from same subjects, we propose novel multi-level Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCA) method and group sparsity as a hierarchical framework to reconstruct 7T-like MRI from 3T MRI. First, the input 3T MR image is partitioned into a set of overlapping patches. For each patch, the local coupled 3T and 7T dictionaries are constructed by extracting the patches from a neighboring region from all aligned 3T and 7T images in the training set. In the training phase, we have both 3T and 7T MR images scanned from each training subject. Then, these two patch sets are mapped to the same space using multi-level CCA. Next, each input 3T MRI patch is sparsely represented by the 3T dictionary and then the obtained sparse coefficients are utilized to reconstruct the 7T patch with the corresponding 7T dictionary. Group sparsity is further utilized to maintain the consistency between neighboring patches. Such reconstruction is performed hierarchically with adaptive patch size. The experiments were performed on 10 subjects who had both 3T and 7T MR images. Experimental results demonstrate that our proposed method is capable of recovering rich structural details and outperforms other methods, including the sparse representation method and CCA method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2015 - 18th International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsJoachim Hornegger, Alejandro F. Frangi, William M. Wells, Alejandro F. Frangi, Nassir Navab, Joachim Hornegger, Nassir Navab, William M. Wells, William M. Wells, Alejandro F. Frangi, Joachim Hornegger, Nassir Navab
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages659-666
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783319245706, 9783319245706, 9783319245706
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event18th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2015 - Munich, Germany
Duration: Oct 5 2015Oct 9 2015

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume9350
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference18th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2015
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period10/5/1510/9/15

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    Bahrami, K., Shi, F., Zong, X., Shin, H. W., An, H., & Shen, D. (2015). Hierarchical reconstruction of 7T-like images from 3T MRI using multi-level CCA and group sparsity. In J. Hornegger, A. F. Frangi, W. M. Wells, A. F. Frangi, N. Navab, J. Hornegger, N. Navab, W. M. Wells, W. M. Wells, A. F. Frangi, J. Hornegger, & N. Navab (Eds.), Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2015 - 18th International Conference, Proceedings (pp. 659-666). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 9350). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24571-3_79