We characterized a de novo 4.5 kilobase pair deletion in the paternally derived α2(I) collagen allele (COL1A2) from a patient with perinatal lethal osteogenesis imperfecta. The intron-to-intron deletion removed the seven exons which encode residues 586-765 of the triple helical domain of the chain. Type I procollagen molecules that contain the mutant proα2(I) chain have a lower than normal thermal stability, undergo increased post-translational modification amino-terminal to the deletion junction, and are retained within the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The block to secretion appears to result from improper assembly of the triple helix, apparently a consequence of a disruption of charge-charge interactions between the shortened pro-α2(I) chain and normal pro-α1(I) chains. The lethal effect may be due to decreased secretion of normal collagen and secretion of a small amount of abnormal collagen that disrupts matrix formation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|