Heterogeneity in the half-life of factor VIII concentrate in patients with hemophilia A is due to variability in the clearance of endogenous von Willebrand factor

iPATH study group

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Abstract

Background: Previous studies have reported marked interindividual variation in factor VIII (FVIII) clearance in patients with hemophilia (PWH) and proposed a number of factors that influence this heterogeneity. Objectives: To investigate the importance of the clearance rates of endogenous von Willebrand factor (VWF) compared with those of other FVIII half-life modifiers in adult PWH. Methods: The half-life of recombinant FVIII was determined in a cohort of 61 adult PWH. A range of reported modifiers of FVIII clearance was assessed (including plasma VWF:antigen and VWF propeptide levels; VWF-FVIII binding capacity; ABO blood group; and nonneutralizing anti-FVIII antibodies). The FVIII-binding region of the VWF gene was sequenced. Finally, the effects of variation in FVIII half-life on clinical phenotype were investigated. Results: We demonstrated that heterogeneity in the clearance of endogenous plasma VWF is a key determinant of variable FVIII half-life in PWH. Both ABO blood group and age significantly impact FVIII clearance. The effect of ABO blood group on FVIII half-life in PWH is modulated entirely through its effect on the clearance rates of endogenous VWF. In contrast, the age-related effect on FVIII clearance is, at least in part, VWF independent. In contrast to previous studies, no major effects of variation in VWF-FVIII binding affinity on FVIII clearance were observed. Although high-titer immunoglobulin G antibodies (≥1:80) were observed in 26% of PWH, these did not impact FVIII half-life. Importantly, the annual FVIII usage (IU/kg/y) was significantly (p =.0035) increased in patients with an FVIII half-life of <12 hours. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that heterogeneity in the half-life of FVIII concentrates in patients with hemophilia A is primarily attributable to variability in the clearance of endogenous VWF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1123-1134
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • ABO blood group
  • FVIII pharmacokinetics
  • factor VIII
  • von Willebrand factor

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