Hereditary pancreatitis amlodipine trial: A pilot study of a calcium-channel blocker in hereditary pancreatitis

Véronique D. Morinville, Mark E. Lowe, Beth D. Elinoff, David C. Whitcomb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Hereditary pancreatitis (HP) is a form of recurrent acute pancreatitis (AP) mediated by mutations in cationic trypsinogen (PRSS1). Mutations cluster in the calcium-associated regulator regions of PRSS1. In rats, calcium-channel blockers (CCB) prevent hyperstimulation-associated AP. Because of the potential importance of hyperstimulation in triggering episodes of AP in HP, we designed a pilot study to evaluate the safety and potential benefit of CCB use in HP. METHODS: Subjects 6 years or older had a PRSS1 mutation, recurrent AP, and pain. Total study duration was 16 weeks. Amlodipine was given during weeks 0 to 11. Dose (2.5, 5, or 10 mg) was based on weight (range, 0.08-0.17 mg•kg•d). Subjects filled a daily diary including pain (0-10 scale) and blood pressure reading. Clinical assessments occurred at weeks -4, 0, 1, 2, 6, 10, 11, and 12. Subjects filled a Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Survey version 2 (SF-10 for children <14 years old) at weeks -4, 0, 6, and 10. Data were compared for weeks -4 to 0 and 6 to 10. RESULTS: Nine subjects signed informed consent (4 males; 12-52 years old). Four were excluded during the screening phase. Drug was discontinued in one due to development of unilateral lower-extremity numbness. Four subjects (12-31 years old) completed the study. Mean blood pressure, laboratory tests, physical findings, and daily pain scores did not clinically significantly differ before and during drug therapy, but all reported reduced symptoms. Three reduced analgesic use. Three had improved scores on the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Survey version 2. CONCLUSIONS: Amlodipine is generally safe in subjects with HP and does not increase pain or episodes of AP. Further research into the mechanism of CCB on pancreatitis would be important to provide a pathophysiologic basis to support further trials in HP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-312
Number of pages5
JournalPancreas
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

Keywords

  • Amlodipine
  • Hereditary pancreatitis
  • Management
  • Pain
  • Safety

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Hereditary pancreatitis amlodipine trial: A pilot study of a calcium-channel blocker in hereditary pancreatitis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this