Hepatic glycogen synthesis from duodenal glucose and alanine. An in situ 13C NMR study

R. A. Shalwitz, N. V. Reo, N. N. Becker, A. C. Hill, C. S. Ewy, J. J.H. Ackerman

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Abstract

An in situ and in vitro surface coil 13C NMR study was performed to study hepatic glycogen synthesis from [3-13C]alanine and [1-13C]glucose administered by intraduodenal infusion in 18-h fasted male Sprague-Dawley rats. Combined, equimolar amounts of alanine and glucose were given. Hepatic appearance and disappearance of substrate and concurrent glycogen synthesis was followed over 150 min, with 5-min time resolution. Active glycogen synthesis from glucose via the direct (glucose → glycogen) and indirect (glucose → lactate → glycogen) pathways and from alanine via gluconeogenesis was observed. The indirect pathway of glycogen synthesis from [1-13C]glucose accounted for 30% (± 6 S.E.) of total glycogen formed from labeled glucose. This estimate does not take into account dilution of label in the hepatic oxaloacetate pool and is, therefore, somewhat uncertain. Hepatic levels of [3-13C]alanine achieved were significantly lower than levels of [1-13C]glucose in the liver, and the period of active glycogen synthesis from [3-13C]alanine was longer than from glucose. However, the overall pseudo-first-order rate constant during the period of active glycogen synthesis from [3-13C]alanine (0.075 min-1 ± 0.026 S.E.) was almost 3 times that from [1-13C]glucose via the direct pathway (0.025 min-1 ± 0.005 S.E.). The most likely reason for the small rate constant governing direct glycogen formation from duodenally administered glucose compared to that from duodenally administered alanine is a low level of glucose phosphorylating capacity in the liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3930-3934
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume264
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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