Aim: Adequate coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential for establishing return of spontaneous circulation. The objective of this study was to compare short-term survival using a hemodynamic directed resuscitation strategy versus an absolute depth-guided approach in a porcine model of asphyxia-associated cardiac arrest. We hypothesized that a hemodynamic directed approach would improve short-term survival compared to depth-guided care. Methods: After 7. min of asphyxia, followed by induction of ventricular fibrillation, 19 female 3-month old swine (31 ± 0.4. kg) were randomized to receive one of three resuscitation strategies: (1) hemodynamic directed care (CPP-20): chest compressions (CCs) with depth titrated to a target systolic blood pressure of 100. mmHg and titration of vasopressors to maintain CPP > 20. mmHg; (2) depth 33. mm (D33): target CC depth of 33. mm with standard American Heart Association (AHA) epinephrine dosing; or (3) depth 51. mm (D51): target CC depth of 51. mm with standard AHA epinephrine dosing. All animals received manual CPR guided by audiovisual feedback for 10. min before first shock. Results: 45-Min survival was higher in the CPP-20 group (6/6) compared to D33 (1/7) or D51 (1/6) groups; p= 0.002. Coronary perfusion pressures were higher in the CPP-20 group compared to D33 (p= 0.011) and D51 (p= 0.04), and in survivors compared to non-survivors (p< 0.01). Total number of vasopressor doses administered and defibrillation attempts were not different. Conclusions: Hemodynamic directed care targeting CPPs > 20. mmHg improves short-term survival in an intensive care unit porcine model of asphyxia-associated cardiac arrest.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - May 2013|
- Cardiac arrest
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- Coronary perfusion pressure