Hematologic Disorders

Gregory P. Van Stavern, Loreley D. Smith, Hayley R. James

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The hematopoietic system is a complex mixture of cellular components, plasma, and plasma proteins. Disorders of the hematopoietic system can arise from impaired production of blood cells, overproduction of blood cells, destruction of existing blood cells, or abnormal function of blood cells or blood cell constituents. The manifestation of the disorder depends upon which cell line is affected, the tissue involved, and the type of dysfunction. In some cases, visual complaints may be the presenting symptom for a hematologic disorder, so the ophthalmologist may be the first physician assessing the patient and should be aware of the disease manifestations. This chapter reviews hematopoiesis, mechanisms of dysfunction in the hematopoietic system, and the visual manifestations of some hematologic disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAlbert and Jakobiec's Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9783030426347
ISBN (Print)9783030426330
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Anemia
  • Hypercoagulability
  • Iron deficiency
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Retinal artery occlusion
  • Retinal vein occlusion
  • Sickle cell
  • Thrombocytopenia


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